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|Type of information||Source||Year||Remarks|
|Table 1: Health workforce stock and replacement||Slovenian Health Statistics Yearbook, 2018||2018||Source provided by knowledge broker:
Stock data retrieved from: Slovenian Health Statistics Yearbook, 2018
Age characteristics of the nursing stock are not reported.
|Figure 1: Mobility level in absolute numbers||OECD||2018||Only immigration data for OECD countries are available. The data produced are therefore incomplete. Not all OECD-countries register the country of origin of incoming health professionals and some do not register incoming health professionals at all. Emigration data are based on immigration numbers in other OECD-countries, as emigration as such is not registered nor reported.|
|Figure 2a: Number of practicing physicians per 1000 inhabitants||Eurostat||2018||Figure 2a presents regional distribution of physicians. Maps are formatted according to the NUTS classification obtained from Eurostat or recent national data provided by the key country informants. The national average is derived from the OECD/Eurostat databases, and the EU average from the “Health at a Glance: Europe” report published in November 2020.|
|Figure 2b: Number of practicing nurses and midwives per 1000 inhabitants||Eurostat||2015||Figure 2b presents regional distrubution of nursing and midwifery. Maps are formatted according to the NUTS classification obtained from Eurostat or recent national data provided by the key country informants. The national average is derived from the OECD/Eurostat databases, and the EU average from the “Health at a Glance: Europe” report published in November 2020.|
|Total population||2 080 908||2019|
|Life expectancy at birth||81,5||2018|
|Licensed to practice||Practising||Professionally active|
|Statistic||Number||Per 1000 inhabitants||Number||Per 1000 inhabitants||Number||Per 1000 inhabitants||Data year|
|Physicians||Not reported||Not reported||6 408||3,10||6 530||3,16||2017|
|> Generalist Medical Practitioner||Not reported||Not reported||1 400||0,68||Not reported||Not reported||2017|
|> Specialist Medical Practitioner||Not reported||Not reported||4 758||2,30||Not reported||Not reported||2017|
|Nurses||Not reported||Not reported||20 505||9,92||20 834||10,08||2017|
|Midwives||Not reported||Not reported||206||0,10||211||0,1||2017|
|Dentists||Not reported||Not reported||1 455||0,70||1 486||0,72||2017|
|Pharmacists||Not reported||Not reported||1 422||0,69||1 537||0,74||2017|
|Physiotherapists||Not reported||Not reported||1 330||0,64||Not reported||Not reported||2017|
Additional national statistics
|National Institute of Public Health Slovenia.||Run the National Healthcare Providers Database||https://www.nijz.si/en|
|Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (registration for a training)||Registration in the Education system||https://www.gov.si/en/state-authorities/ministries/ministry-of-education-science-and-sport/|
|Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia||
Provide to users statistical data on the status and trends in the economic, demographic and social fields, as well as in the field of environment and natural resources.
|Ministry of Health||Recommends the training quotas||https://www.gov.si/en/state-authorities/ministries/ministry-of-health/|
|Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia (HIIS)||Providing universal compulsory health insurance||https://www.zzzs.si/indexeng.html|
|National Laboratory for Health, Environment and Food (NLHEF)||Central and the largest laboratory for public health dealing with hygienic and health related ecological activities, environment protection problems, microbiological diagnostics and chemical analyses of samples of different kind and research activities.The services for governmental needs are executed, first of all for monitoring and official inspection and supervision from the competencies of the Ministry of Health,Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food and Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.||https://www.nlzoh.si/en/|
|Republic of Slovenia National Contact Point on cross-border healthcare||The responsibilities of the National Contact Point on cross-border healthcare (hereinafter referred to as: NKT-Z) are implemented by the Health Insurance Institute of the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter referred to as: HIIS), and the information published on the web site of NKT-Z is provided by HIIS, the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia and the National Institute of Public Health.
NKT-Z consults patient organisations, providers and health insurance holders, cooperates with national contact points in other member States and with the European Commission. NKT-Z provides information exchange between national contact points in other EU Member States.
|Ministry of Finance||Reviews and approves the budget of the Ministry of Health- The basic principles and the shares of the state budget,
budgets of local authorities, mandatory health insurance and mandatory pension
and disability insurance are approved through the “budget memorandum” by
the Ministry of Finance and Parliament each year
|Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices of the
Republic of Slovenia
|Its functions are determined by the Medicinal Products Act, the “Rules on medical devices”, the Blood Supply Act and the Act on Quality and Safety of Human Tissues and Cells. Amongst other things it performs administrative, expert and inspection tasks in the fields of medicinal products and medical devices and acts as the official control laboratory.||https://www.jazmp.si/en/|
|The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport||It is responsible for supervising activities related to medical and health professional education and for the university
and postgraduate education of junior researchers. It also administers certain
health promotion programmes. Its mandate extends to the area of science, and
it thus (co-)finances different research activities, including those in the area of
medicine, health sciences and public health.
|The Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities||Acts with the Ministry of Health to coordinate the provision of nursing homes for the elderly and people with disabilities. It is also responsible for negotiating multisectoral bilateral conventions on social security.||https://www.gov.si/en/state-authorities/
|Health Council||Is responsible for assisting the Ministry in its planning tasks. The Health Council serves as the highest professional body with responsibility
for reviewing proposals for the development of health policy, as well as questions
regarding ethics and doctrine.
|Chamber of Nurses’ and Midwives’ Association of Slovenia||Professionally operates in 31 technical sessions that examines technical issues, organizes professional training and develops professional recommendations and guidance from their focused field of expertise.||http://www.zbornica-zveza.si/|
|Medical Chamber of Slovenia||Responsible for medical doctors and dentists. Awarding, renewing and suspending licences,
planning, monitoring and supervising internships, specialisations and other forms of professional training of its members by evaluating their competence and setting the criteria for appointing supervisors and appointing them, carrying out professional supervision and counselling,
maintaining a registry of physicians.
|Slovene Chamber of Pharmacies||Fundamental tasks of the chamber are the following:
|Medical universities||It is divided into undergraduate and postgraduate departments within the Section of General Medicine and the Dental Medicine Section. Both sections educate students on the undergraduate as well as post-graduate level.||University of Ljubljana – Faculty of Medicine
University of Maribor – Faculty of Medicine
|Original name||Zakon o zdravniški službi|
|Name in English||Law about heatlth Service|
|Short description||Art. 7 of the Law about health Service (Translation) Medical posts in the public health service network are allocated by area and by specialist field in such a way as to ensure that residents have equal access to quality health services.
Medical posts in the public health service network are broken down by fields of expertise: […]
|Publication date||Original version 3 December 199|
|Link to full text||http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO1395|
|Name in English||Organisation of healthcare in Slovenia|
Healthcare services can also be carried out by private healthcare providers, but only on the basis of a licence or a decision regarding entry into a register of private healthcare workers issued by the Ministry of Health. Private healthcare providers can be given a concession at the primary or secondary level, but such a concession is only granted if a public healthcare institute cannot provide sufficient access to healthcare services. At the primary level, it is granted by the municipality with the consent of the Ministry of Health, and at the secondary level it is granted by the Ministry of Health.
|Link to full text||https://www.gov.si/en/policies/health/organizacija-zdravstvenega-varstva-2/|
|Original name||Zakon o pokojninskem in invalidskem zavarovanju|
|Name in English||Pension and Disability Insurance Act.|
|Publication date||Original version 14 December 2012|
|Link to full text||http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO6280|
|Original name||Resolucija o nacionalnem planu zdravstvenega varstva 2016–2025 »Skupaj za družbo zdravja«|
|Name in English||National Health Plan Resolution 2016-2025 “Together for the Health Society”|
Reasons for a new national health plan
Changing health needs of the population due to a long-lived society, increasing health inequalities, expensive healthcare technologies, threats to health and patient mobility are all major challenges facing most European countries. Since the economic crisis began in 2009, the financial sustainability of health systems has also become more challenging in this part of the world than before.
The resolution forms the basis for the development of health care in Slovenia in the next ten years and for the preparation and adoption of relevant laws in the field of health insurance and health care, and preserves the vision of quality and accessible public health care. It puts the user and the contractor at the center and takes the following measures in the envisaged measures:
· Promoting and protecting health and preventing disease;
· Optimization of health care;
· Increasing the effectiveness of the healthcare system;
· Equitable, joint and several financing of healthcare.
Strengthening primary health care will further improve access to comprehensive, high-quality, safe patient care and establish conditions for their empowerment and their expectations.
|Publication date||March 2016|
|Link to full text||http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=RESO102|
|Original name||Kakovost socialne oskrbe na domu: vrednotenje, podatki in priporočila|
|Name in English||Quality home care:
evaluation, data and recommendations
|Short description||Academic Analysis of the quality of home care in Slovenia|
|Publication date||Ljubljana: Faculty of Social Sciences, 2014|
|Link to full text||https://www.fdv.uni-lj.si/docs/default-source/zalozba/pages-from-oskrba_out.pdf?%0Bsfvrsn=2|
|Original name||Zdravniška zbornica Slovenije objavila javne razpise specializacij zdravnikov|
|Name in English||Annexes to the National Health Plan
The Medical Chamber of Slovenia publishes public tender for medical residencie
|Short description||The desired ratios were based on empirical evidence and grounded in retrospective data. These ratios were also the basis for
reimbursement schemes – particularly at the primary care level – used by the HIIS. This process was then harmonized with the Ministry of Higher Education and the different representative professional chambers (in particular
the Medical Chamber, the Pharmaceutical Chamber and the Nursing Chamber).
The Health Council, in cooperation with the Medical Faculty, professional colleges and other institutions, proposes and monitors the implementation of health-related professional education. The Health Council issues recommendations on the number of health professionals, and decisions to adjust enrollment figures are made by the relevant medical and health-related faculties at various universities across the country. Through these mechanisms, the state exerts rather tight control and containment of educational posts.
|Link to full text||http://www.zdravniskazbornica.si/nw/364/1/2236/zdravniska-zbornicaslovenije-objavila-javne-razpise-specializacij-zdravnikov|
|Original name||Zakon o visokem šolstvu|
|Name in English||Higher Education Act (ZVis)|
This law regulates the status issues of higher education institutions, the conditions for pursuing higher education activities, defines public service in higher education and regulates the manner of its financing.
This law also regulates the status issues of libraries and institutes and other institutions whose activity is required for the pursuit of higher education, if they are established within universities (hereinafter: other institutions – members of universities) and student dormitories.
|Publication date||Original version 17 December 1993|
|Link to full text||http://www.unesco.org/education/edurights/media/docs/497fbd5bb8f4333a30b658d9c18e8ec3bc0589eb.pdf|
|Original name||Zakon o zdravniški službi (ZZdrS)|
|Name in English||Medical Practitioners Act|
In order to renew their license, every physician or dentist needs to provide proof of professional competences over the last seven years by collecting at least 75 credits (CME, CPD). Of those, at least 50 credits (CME, CPD) need to have been acquired in the specialist field for which the practitioner was licensed, and at least 5 credits (CME, CPD) must be obtained in the areas of patient safety and the quality of medical treatment, ethics and communication.
|Publication date||12 March 1999|
|Link to full text||http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO1395|
|Original name||Prostovoljno zavarovanje|
|Name in English||Voluntary Insurance, Supplementary Insurance|
|Short description||Voluntary health insurance covers the cost of health and related services, the provision of medicines and medical supplies, and the payment of agreed benefits in the event of illness, injury or special medical condition. Voluntary health insurance is classified as health insurance and non-life insurance.
Supplementary insurance is a public interest of the Republic of Slovenia and is implemented according to the principles of intergenerational reciprocity and gender reciprocity among all supplementary insurance policyholders.
Three private companies provide
voluntary health insurance (VHI), which is mainly used by patients to cover co-payments.
|Publication date||12 February 1992|
|Link to full text||http://pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=ZAKO213 Article 61|
|Original name||O MEDICINSKIM SREDSTVIMA|
|Name in English||ON MEDICAL RESOURCE (Private physicians)|
Health care personnel in primary and secondary care may practise based on an employment contract (as salaried employees of a public provider), by means of a concession (as a private provider within the public health care network, payment depending on the contract) or as a private provider (outside the public health care network, paid directly by patients or by VHI). Combining employment in a public provider with purely private practice is not allowed.
fact, the highest proportion of all private practices comes from the dental field
|Publication date||2 December 1992|
|Link to full text||
ZZVZZ. Zakon o zdravstvenem varstvu in zdravstvenem zavarovanju [Health Care and Health Insurance Act]. Ljubljana: Government of Slovenia; 1992. Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia no. 9/92.
|Original name||Resolucija o nacionalnem planu zdravstvenega varstva 2008-2013 “Zadovoljni uporabniki in izvajalci zdravstvenih storitev” (ReNPZV)|
|Name in English||Resolution on National Health Care Plan 2008-2013 “Satisfied Users and Providers of health care services” (ReNPZV)|
|Publication date||26 June 2008|
|Link to full text||http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/pregledPredpisa?id=NACP51|
List of sources specific to this country:
Last updated: 10 October 2020
The country fiches are produced under the EU Health Programme 2014-2020 under a service contract with the Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (Chafea) acting under the mandate from the European Commission. The information and views set out in the country sheets are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Commission/Executive Agency. The Commission/Executive Agency does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this study.
Neither the Commission/Executive Agency nor any person acting on the Commission’s/Executive Agency’s behalf may be held responsible for the use which may be made of the information contained therein.